SHIRAZ the city of poems & flowers

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Shiraz is the fifth most populous city of Iran and the capital of Fars Province. In 2009 the population of the city was 1,455,073. Shiraz is located in the southwest of Iran. It has a moderate climate and has been a regional trade center for over a thousand years. It is regarded as one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia.

In the 13th century, Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters, due to the encouragement of its ruler and the presence of many Persian scholars and artists. It was the capital of the Persia during the Zand dynasty from 1750 until 1781, as well as briefly during the Saffarid period. Two famous poets of Iran, Hafez and Saadi, are from Shiraz.

Shiraz is known as the city of poets, literature and flowers. It is also considered by many Iranians to be the city of gardens, due to the many gardens and fruit trees that can be seen in the city. Shiraz has had major Jewish and Christian communities. The crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design; silver-ware; pile carpet-weaving and weaving of kilim, called gilim and jajim in the villages and among the tribes. 

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The garden is an important part of Iranian culture. There are many old gardens in Shiraz such as the Eram garden and the Afif abad garden.

Shiraz is proud of being mother land of Hafiz Shirazi, Shiraz is a center for Iranian culture and has produced a number of famous poets. Saadi, a 12th and 13th-century poet was born in Shiraz. He left his native town at a young age for Baghdad to study Arabic literature and Islamic sciences at Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad. When he reappeared in his native Shiraz he was an elderly man.

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Shiraz attractions :

Persepolis 

PersePolis or Parseh (پارسه یا پرسپولیس ) is the name of an ancient city of Achemenian empire which was built around 518 BC . According to the historians it was a live city for more than 200 years & has a population of 45000 people . after the excavations , ruins from so many palaces has been discovered .  Persepolis means the city of Perse Or Parseh . Persian Is also derived from Parseh means the Parseh people . More … 

Naghsh Rostam : 

Naghsh Rostam is an ancient area located 6 km from Persepolis & 50 km from Shiraz city . Naghsh rostam is the most brilliant necropolis in Iran where you can see the tombs of Achemenian Kings carved out of the rock on the mountain wall. Tombs of Darius the great, Xerxes , Artaxerxes & Darius ll . After the invasion of Alexander the precious belongings were looted from the tombs.  Along with the tombs there are some valuable reliefs from Sassanid dynasty (224 -651 AD). More … 

Pasargadae 

Pasargadae in Shiraz is the remaining of the first capital of Achemenian dynasty which was built by the order of Cyrus the great in 530 BC . After he died in a battle in 529 BC his successor & son Cambyses finished this city. Cyrus the great tomb , some columns & basement of palaces & few things like Cyrus the great petroglyph .  Pasargad is located 130 Km from shiraz . it is recommended to visit Pasargad along with Persepolis & Naghsh Rostam . More … 

Vakil Bazaar : 

Vakil Complex in Shiraz contains of traditional Bazaar, bath & mosque which was built in Zandieh dynasty (1750 – 1794 AD ).Shiraz was Iran’s capital on that time & they needed to prepare these infrastructures so that the city deserves this title. Vakil complex is located in heart of Shiraz . More … 

Shah cheragh Holy shrine : 

Shah Cheragh is a funerary monument and mosque in Shiraz, Iran, housing the tomb of the brothers Ahmad and Muhammad ( Shiia muslim’s 8th imam ) .The tombs became celebrated pilgrimage centres in the 14th century when Queen Tashi Khatun erected a mosque and theological school in the vicinity. More …

Tomb of Hafez : 

known by his pen name Hāfez ( also Hāfiz; 1325/26–1389/90), was a Persian poet. His collected works are regarded as a pinnacle of Persian literature and are to be found in the homes of most people in Iran and Afghanistan, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and sayings to this day. His life and poems have been the subject of much analysis, commentary and interpretation, influencing post-fourteenth century Persian writing more than any other author. More … 

Tomb of saadi shirazi 

known by his pen-name Saʿdī or simply Saadi, was one of the major Persian poets of the medieval period. He is not only famous in Persian-speaking countries, but has been quoted in western sources as well. He is recognized for the quality of his writings and for the depth of his social and moral thoughts. Saadi is widely recognized as one of the greatest poets of the classical literary tradition. More … 

Qavam ( ghavam ) house 

Ghavam House in Shiraz also known as Narenjestan Ghavam garden or Narenjestan Garden is an ancient complex containing of a historical monument, museum & a yard full of sour orange trees . Narenjestan means sour orange Garden. Inside the building you will find brilliant tile works, mirror works, wood carving , stucco etc.  Ghavam house in shiraz is located in city center in lotf ali khan street. More …

Eram garden : 

Eram garden in Shiraz is a magnificent traditional garden . some dated the construction of Eram Garden to the Seljuk Era ( around 12th century ) . the building inside of Eram garden built in Zand Era ( 18th Century ) . More … 

Afif abad garden : 

This garden is one of the oldest gardens in Shiraz belonging to safavid empire. (around 700 years ago ) . In that time there was a castle inside but during the time it is been destroyed . More …

Arg of Karim Khan (18th-century monument) : 

Arg of Karimkhan or karimkhan Citadel is a castle – citadel located in heart of Shiraz . it was the residency of Karim Khan, king & founder of Zandieh Dynasty . Arg of karimkhan built in 18 century in an area of 4000 square meter sounded by four high walls connected to four towers . More … 

Nasir al-Mulk Mosque : 

Nasir Al molk Mosque in shiraz is the best sample of tile working among all Iranian mosques . it took 12 years to build it in 19th century . More …



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