Pasargadae in Shiraz ( UNESCO world Heritage site ) is the remaining of the first capital of Achemenian dynasty which was built by the order of Cyrus the great in 530 BC . After he died in a battle in 529 BC his successor & son Cambyses finished this city. Its palaces, gardens and the mausoleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the first phase of royal Achaemenid art and architecture and exceptional testimonies of Persian civilization. Cyrus the great tomb , some columns & basement of palaces & few things like Cyrus the great petroglyph . Cyrus the great tomb is in a chamber stands on a ziggurat . The monument as a whole measures about 13¾ x 12¼ meters and is about eleven meters high. The lower part is platform, about five meters high, which vaguely reminds one of a ziggurat from Mesopotamia. The upper part consists of two chambers: one is the real tomb, a square room, and the other is an attic. The function of this second room is unknown. Hardly visible is a rayed disk, some 50 cm in diameter, on the gable above the door. The significance is unknown. Since the thirteenth century, the tomb was surrounded by a square portico, which converted it into a mosque, which was called the Qabr-e Madar-e Solaiman, or “mosque of the mother of Solomon” !! As the local population were not aware of Cyrus the great tomb .
who was Cyrus II :
Cyrus II also known as “Cyrus the Great” was one of the greatest monarchs of all time. He conquered in 539 B.C. and ruled Persia until his death in 530 B.C. His wisdom and generosity was known throughout the ancient world. His capital was at Pasargadae in the land of Parsa (ancient Iran). He was chosen by the Lord to release the Jews from their captivity and allow them to return to Jerusalem and rebuild their city and their Temple.
Cyrus was slain in battle in 530 B.C. and buried in this tomb which lies at the site of ancient Pasargadae (SW Iran). Inside was placed a golden sarcophagus and according to the historian Plutarch who wrote of it in 90 A.D. the tomb bore this inscription by Cyrus himself,
“O man, whoever you are and wherever you come from, for I know that you will come–I am Cyrus, son of Cambyses, who founded the Empire of the Persians and was king of the East. Do not grudge me this spot of earth which covers my body.”
The Tomb of Cyrus at Pasargadae, Persia, from the 6th century B.C. is important in the subject of Biblical Archaeology because it reveals the existence of Cyrus, who made the decree for the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild their city. This decree was prophesied by Daniel and began the countdown for the 69 weeks when Messiah would be cut off.
“Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut.” Isaiah 45:1