khuzestan chogha zanbil

Khuzestan province is one of the most important areas of Iran. Historically Khuzestan is the cradle of civilization of Iran Plateau ( Greater Iran ) . Archaeology findings shows initial settlement in this area back to 2500 BC . First cities has been constructed in ancient gatherings called now as Susa . More than 46 archaeological layers of residency has been discovered in this area . Khuzestan has a very important economic rule in Iran too . most of the oil reserves of Iran & infrastructures related to oil is also located in there . khuzestan is called the golden province of Iran . agriculture is another highlight in this province . its fertile soil allows to cultivate Dates , tomato ,  wheat & citrus in large scale . 25 percent of dates production is from Khuzestan .


Zigurat Choghazanbil : Chogha Zanbil  ( tchogha Zanbil ) is the ruins of  a holy city belonging to Elamid kingdom date back to 1250 BC . It is on the list of UNESCO world heritage which was founded by the Elamid king Untash-Napirisha (1275-1240 BCE) as the religious center of Elam .  It is the largest zigurat outside of Mesopotamia ( area between Eufrat & Tigris rivers in now Iraq where it is believed to be the first cradle of ancient civilization )  and the best preserved of this type of stepped pyramidal monument. The archaeological site of Chogha Zanbil is an exceptional expression of the culture, beliefs, and ritual traditions of one of the oldest indigenous peoples of Iran. It take two hours from Ahvaz by land to reach there .

Chogha zanbil ziggurat is as important as the Egyptian pyramids. This pyramid shape temple complex belongs to the elamid ancient empire who were ruling in the Persia platuea for more than 2700 years dating back to 3500 BC . choghazanbil is the oldest well remained Iranian historical monument belonging to the middle Elamid dynasty . We should take some information about elamid mysterious civilisation before visiting this monument . Arian tribes ( Iranian origins ) started to migrate to the Persian plateau around a thousand years before the Christ ( 3000 years ago ) and  we call the rulers & dynasties before them as elamids which is inaccurate name for a history of more than 2700 years but our historic references are so short and limited .

the original name of the temple city is unknown & chogha zanbil is a local new name for this historical site meaning the upside down basket as before the excavations started in it , it was like a mysterious hill not like the other hills around . original construction of this temple city is believed to be in the 1300 BC and it was a very important worship place for more than 700 years until the Assyrian invasion in 640 BC when the city turned to dust .  

khuzestan chogha zanbil

Daniel grave in Shoush ( Susa ) : Daniel was a prophet acknowledged by all three main religions of Islam , Christianity & Judaism who migrated to the land of Persia during the reign of Achemenian great King – Cyrus . The Book of Daniel says that the prophet lived in Babylon ( now Iraq ) at one point and may have visited what is now Susa ( Shoush ) , Iran .  The place of his death is not specified in the text. Today, the Grave of Daniel is a popular tourist attraction, largely among local Muslims and Iran’s Jewish community.

Shoush Castle : Beside Daniel Grave in Shoush, there are other historical attractions by walking distance . Susa ( Shoush ) Castle is a monument built by Jacques de Morgan French archaeologist around 120 years ago made by the ruins & materials which the french archaeology team excavated in Acropol archaeological hill !! Susa city and surroundings is a very historically rich area & Mr. Morgan dedicated a very long time on excavation in this area .  

 Apadana historical site in Shoush : Just behind the Shoush castle , there is a hill called Apadana which was the winter palace of Darius the great , King of Achemenian empire ( 550 – 486 BCE ) . nothing much is remained but some columns from that huge structure . most of what is discovered from there , are in the main famous museums all around the world !! such as in louver or hermitage museums .  

 Shoushtar water channels : Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System,  is an island city from the Sassanid era  ( 224 – 637 AD ) with a complex irrigation system.  It was registered on UNESCO‘s list of World Heritage Sites in 2009 and is Iran’s 10th cultural heritage site to be registered on the United Nations list. Shushtar infrastructure included water mills, dams, tunnels, and canals. GarGar weir was built on the watermills and waterfalls. 

Ghadir bridge is Ahwaz

Ahwaz Jame mosque 

Dezfoul Bridge


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