Khorasan province has been always a very important geopolitical area in Iran . Khorasan covers the eastern & north east ern part of Iran & Mashhad city is the capital . Mashhad is the second biggest city in Iran after Tehran. With the population of around 3 million people . Mashhad is the biggest religious & pilgrimage center of Iran having Imam Reza holy shrine in it with more than 20 million local & foreign visitors on yearly basis. Mashhad has 894 Km distance to Tehran.
Khorasan main attractions are as below :Khorasan , Holiness & Dignity
Imam Reza holy Shrine : The Imam Reza shrine in Mashhad, Iran is a complex which contains the mausoleum of Imam Reza, the eighth Imam of Twelver Shi’ites. It is the largest mosque in the world by dimension and the second largest by capacity. Also contained within the complex are the Goharshad Mosque, a museum, a library, four seminaries, a cemetery, the Razavi University of Islamic Sciences, a dining hall for pilgrims, vast prayer halls, and other buildings.
Ferdowsi the great Tomb: ferdowsi is the greatest Iranian poet . he died in 1020 AD & his tomb is 20 km to the mashad city . Ferdowsi tomb is a monument built of Marble in 1930s. Mehdi Akhavan Saless ( Iranian most well know contemporary poet ) is also buried in there by his own request .
Nader Shah Tomb : Nader shah the founder of Afsharian empire (1750 – 1796 ) was one of the most respected Kings of Iran . His tomb is located in a nice garden in Mashhad city center just near the Imam Reza Holy shrine . there are two museums inside of Afsharian empire belongings & military wares .
Harounieh or Haroon Dome : this monument is a historical site from Ilkhanid era ( 1256 -1335 AD ) . people believes it was a prison but by the archeologists comments it should have been a school or a worship place . excavations determined some more historical layers beneth the building to the more ancient times. Harounieh is just walking distance to the Ferdowsi Tomb in Toos & 20 KM from Mashhad.
Khaje Rabi Tomb : a very beautiful memorial tomb with colorful tiles in a Garden built in safavid time (1500s ) is what we can say as a description of Khaje Rabi tomb . it is located in north part of Mashhad .
Attarctions in other cities of Khorasan province :
Omar Khayam Tomb in Nishapur : khayam was one of the biggest Iranian poet, mathematician , philosopher & astronomer . he was born in 1048 and lived for 83 years . he is so well known around the world for his quadrants ( four-line verses ) & the philosophy he declared in his poems.