known by his pen name Hafez ( also Hafiz), was a Persian poet. His collected works are regarded as a pinnacle of Persian literature and are to be found in the homes of most people in Iran and Afghanistan, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and sayings to this day. His life and poems have been the subject of much analysis, commentary and interpretation, influencing post-fourteenth century Persian writing more than any other author.
Themes of his ghazals are the beloved, faith, and exposing hypocrisy. His influence in the lives of Farsi speakers can be found in “Hafez readings” and the frequent use of his poems in Persian traditional music, visual art, and Persian calligraphy. His tomb is visited often. Adaptations, imitations and translations of Hafez’ poems exist in all major languages.
In 1452, some sixty years after Hafez death, the governor of Fars, Baysonqor (q.v.), ordered to erect a dome-like structure over Hafez’s grave in the Mosalla garden. during the time , various rulers made changes in his grave , some enlarged or enclosed the surrounding and some restored the structure . This building effectively divided the area into two separate sections, the Naaranjestaan (orange grove) in the front, and the Gurestaan (cemetery) in the back. Hafez’s tomb was located outside and behind this building, in the middle of the cemetery. Over the grave he placed a marble slab, which still exists today. On this slab two lyrics by Hafez were inscribed . Sunset is the most popular time of day for Iranians to gather at the garden to pay their respects; some come to perform the faale Hafez , a popular ritual in which a volume of Hafez works is opened randomly and the future interpreted therein.
Hafez Tomb is in north part of Shiraz in a street called Hafeziyeh. Almost everyone will guide you there as the tomb of Hafez is the most well known landmark in Shiraz .